Recent Advances on Plasmon-enhanced Titania Nanocatalysts for Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Dyes
In the past several years, solar-driven photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes has been considered as one of the most promising and effective ways to address water pollution issues. Nevertheless, the implementation of such technology for large scale industrial wastewater application is still hampered by the limitation in currently used photocatalysts. Recently, plasmon-enhanced titania-based nanocatalyst has emerged as one of the promising photocatalytic materials for solar-driven wastewater treatment due to its excellent activity and ability to absorb a large portion of solar radiation. Therefore, this review highlights recent progress on applying such material for the photodegradation of organic dyes. In this review, the focus is placed on several mechanisms on how the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon could enhance the photocatalytic activity of semiconductors, such as TiO2. Furthermore, the performance of several types of plasmon-enhanced titania nanocatalyst with different kinds of metal plasmonic nanoparticles, i.e., Au-TiO2, Ag-TiO2, and Pd-TiO2, is also compared and comprehensively discussed. Finally, a particular emphasis is also given to highlight the nanocatalysts' kinetics in facilitating the photocatalytic degradation of different types of organic dyes.
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